ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﻲﻓ Poweroff ﺮﻣﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻮﺜﻌﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﻟ ﺄﻄﺧ ﺡﻼﺻﺇ

.ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﺇﻭ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﻑﺎﻘﻳﺇ ﺔﻴﻄﻐﺘﻟ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻞﻴﺣﻭ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺧ ﻊﻣ Debian Linux ﻲﻓ ﺩﻮﺟﻮ

.ﺮﻣﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻮﺜﻌﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﻟ :bash : poweroff" ،ﺎﻬﺼﻧ ﺄﻄﺧ ﺔﻟﺎﺳﺭ ﻰﻘﻠﺘﺗﻭ ،ﺓﺩﻮﻘﻔﻣ power

ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻣ ﺮﻴﻏ Poweroff ﺮﻣﺃ

.PATH :ﻂﻴﺴﺑ ﻲﺌﻴﺑ ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻣ ﻲﻓ

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[ﺝﻭﺩﺰﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻴﻬﻤﺘﻟﺍ+] ﻦﻴﺋﺪﺘﺒﻤﻠﻟ ﺓﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ :12 ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ

.ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ ﻱﺃ ﻪﻌﺒﺘﻴﻟ ﺍﺰًﻫﺎﺟﻭ ﺔﺷﺎﺷ ﺕﺎﻄﻘﻟ ﻊﻣ ﺓﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ ﻼًﻴﻟﺩ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ .

.Ubuntu ﻞﺜﻣ ،ﺔﻘﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﻳﺯﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻠﻟ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻘﻛ ﻞﻤﻌﻳﻭ ﻩﺭﺍﺮﻘﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﻑﺮﻌﻳُ ،ﻡﻮ

.ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻂﻴﺴﺒﺘﻟ ﺔﺷﺎﺷ ﺕﺎﻄﻘﻟ ﻊﻣ ﺓﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ ﺕﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺮﻓﻮﻳ .ISO ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﺭﺎ

ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻳﺪﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻄﺘﻤﻟ ﻰﻧﺩﻷﺍ ﺪﺤﻟﺍ

.ﻩﺩﺍﺪﻋﺇ ﺪﻳﺮﺗ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺪﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ءًﺎﻨﺑ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ .ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻳﺪﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠ

ﻲﺋﺍﻮﺸﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻛﺍﺬﻟ

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ﺔﺷﺎﺸﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻄﻘﻟ ﻊﻣ - [ﺓﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ] Debian 10 Buster ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ

ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺧ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻦﻴﺋﺪﺘﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ ﺡﺮﺸﻳ Debian 10 Buster. ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ ﻱﺃ ﻪﻌﺒﺘﻴﻟ

.ﻚﻟﺫ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺎﻣﻭ Ubuntu ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﻘﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﻳﺯﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻠﻟ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗﻭ ﺍﺭًﺍﺮﻘﺘﺳﺍ ﺮﺜﻛﻷﺍ Linu

.ﻦﻴﺋﺪﺘﺒﻤﻠﻟ ﺓﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ ﺔﺷﺎﺷ ﺕﺎﻄﻘﻟ ﻊﻣ (10 ﺭﺍﺪﺻﻹﺍ) Debian Buster ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟ ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟﺍ ﺍﺬ

ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻳﺪﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻄﺘﻤﻟ ﻰﻧﺩﻷﺍ ﺪﺤﻟﺍ

.ﻩﺩﺍﺪﻋﺇ ﺪﻳﺮﺗ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺪﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ءًﺎﻨﺑ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ .ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻳﺪﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠ

ﻲﺋﺍﻮﺸﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻛﺍﺬﻟ ﻰﻧﺩﻷﺍ ﺪﺤ

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[ﺓﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ] Debian 10 ﻦﻣ Debian 11 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ

ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺗ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺧ ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺡﺮﺸﻳ debian 11 ﻦﻣ debian 10.

.ﻱﻮﻗ ﺭﺍﺮﻘﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻊﺘﻤﺘﻳﻭ ﺎﻘًﺣ ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻋ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻮﻫ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺐﺒﺴﻟﺍ ﻮﻫ ﺍﺬﻫ .ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟﺍ

.ﻥﻵﺍ Debian 10 ﻦﻣ Debian 11 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟﺍ ﻚﻨﻜﻤﻳ ﻪﻧﺃ ﻻﺇ ،ﺪﻌﺑ ﻩﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻢﺘ

.ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻩﺬﻫ

ﺔﻘﺒﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻄﺘﻤﻟﺍ

  • .ﻡﺩﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺘﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ ﺖﻨﻛ ﺍﺫﺇ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ .ﺔﻘﺒﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻃ

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ﺔﻴﺒﻳﺮﺠﺗ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓﺮﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ

ﻲﺒﻳﺮﺠﺗ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺮﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻞﺒﻗ ﺔﻠﻤﺘﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﻻﺍﻭ ﺮﻃﺎ

Debian ﺕﺎﻌﻳﺯﻮﺗ ﺪﺣﺃ ﻮﻫ Linux ﺮﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻼًﻴﻠﻗ ﺄﻄﺑﺃ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺠﻟﺍ ﻡﺰﺤ

.ﺖﺑﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴًﻤﺳﺭ ﺎﻫﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﻉﻭﺭﺃﻭ ﺙﺪﺣﺃ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻓ

."ﺪﻴﺳ" ﺎﻀًﻳﺃ ﻰﻤﺴﻳﻭ ."ﺓﺮﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﺮﻴﻏ" ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﺢﺿﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻲﺘﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺓﺭﻮﻄﺘﻣ ﻡﺰﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻮﺘﺤﻳ ﻱﺬﻟ

ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻒﻠﻣﻭ ﻥﺎﻴﺑﺩ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ

:(ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺍ ءﺎﻤﺳﺃﻭ ﻲﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﻨﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺪﺠﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ

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Debian Linux ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ VirtualBox ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟ ﻞﻣﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟﺍ

ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟ ﻂﻴﺴﺑ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ ﻚﻴﻟﺇ VirtualBox ﻰﻠﻋ Debian Linux (ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺪﺻﻹﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ).

.Oracle ﻦﻣ ﺭﺪﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻖﻠﻐﻣ ﻖﻴﺒﻄﺗ ﻪﻨﻜﻟﻭ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﻼﻟ ﻲﻧﺎﺠﻣ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺮﻛﺬﺗ .ﺔﻣﺪﻘﺘﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﺧ ﻊﻣ ﻲ

.Debian Linux ﻲﻓ ﻪﺘﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺧ ﺔﻟﺎﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺢﺿﻮﺗ .RHELﻭ Fedora ﻞﺜﻣ ،ﻯﺮﺧﺃ ﺕﺎﻌﻳﺯﻮﺗ

.ﺕﺍﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺪﺻﻹﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻖﺒﻄﻨﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺒﻨﻳ ،ﻚﻟﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ .ﺮﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ "Debian 11 "bul

.ﺃﺪﺒﻧ ﺎﻴﻫ

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ﻞﻳﺰﻨﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﺒﺳﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ Debian ISO ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻮﺜﻌﻠﻟ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ

ﻮﺋﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺮﻌﺸﻳ ﺪﻗ Linux ﺔﺤﻔﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻝﻮﻫﺬﻟﺎﺑ ISO ﻞﻳﺰﻨﺘﻟ ﺔﻴﻤﺳﺮﻟﺍ Debian. ﻞﻳﺰﻨﺘﻟ

.ﻪﻠﻳﺰﻨﺗ ﺪﻳﺮﺗ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻂﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ءﻲﺸﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻚﺑﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣﻭ ،ﻂﺑﺍﻭﺭ ﺓﺪﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻤﺳﺮﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺰ

.ﺔﺤﻔﺼﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ Debian ISO ﻒﻠﻣ ﻁﺎﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻚﺗﺪﻋﺎﺴﻤﻟ ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺩﺍﺪﻋ

."ﺭﺍﺮﺣﺃ ﺮﻴﻏ"ﻭ "ﺭﺍﺮﺣﺃ" ﻢﻬﻧﺇ .ﻦﻴﺘﻀﻳﺮﻋ ﻦﻴﺘﺌﻓ ﻰﻟﺇ Debian ISO ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺗ ﻚﻨﻜﻤﻳ ،ﻡﺎ

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Debian 12 Bookworm ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﺐﺠﻳ ءﺎﻴﺷﺃ 10

ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﺐﺠﻳ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻟﺍ ءﺎﻴﺷﻷﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ Debian 12 Bookworm.

.ﺎﻨﻫ Debian 12 ﺕﺍﺰﻴﻣ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﻼﻃﻻﺎﺑ ﻢﻗ .ﺎﻀًﻳﺃ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻝﺪﺒﺘﺴﻳﻭ ﺕﺎﻴ

.Debian 12 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺐﻏﺮﺗ ﺪﻗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺨﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻚ

Debian 12 ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﺐﺠﻳ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻴﺷﻷﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ

ﻭﺩﻮﺳ ﻦﻴﻜﻤﺗ

.ﻦﻳﺰﻴﻤﻤﻟﺍ

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[ﻲﻤﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ] Debian Stable ﻰﻠﻋ Firefox ﻦﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﺙﺪﺣﺃ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟ ﻕﺮﻃ 4

ﻦﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﺙﺪﺣﺃ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ ﻚﻴﻟﺇ Firefox ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ Debian Stable (Debian

.ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻙﺪﺷﺮﻴﺴﻓ ،ﻥﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺴﺤﺗﻭ Firefox ﺕﺍﺰﻴﻣ ﺙﺪﺣﺄﺑ ﻉﺎﺘﻤ

.(ﺓﺮﻴﺒﻜﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺷ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺸﻨﻠﻟ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺎﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺺﺼﺨﻤﻟﺍ) ﺎﻧًﺎﻣﺃﻭ ﺍﺭًﺍﺮﻘﺘﺳﺍ ﺮﺜﻛﻷﺍ

.ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺠﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺋﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺰﻴﻤﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻊﻣ Firefox ﻦﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﺙﺪﺣﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻮﺼﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺐﻏﺮﺗ ﺪﻘﻓ

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Debian 9.5ﻭ Linux Mint 19 ﻢﻋﺩ ﻊﻣ HPLIP 3.18.9 ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﻢﺗ

HPLIP 3.18.9، ﺖﻣﺎﻗ HP ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺑ ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﺑ Linux ﺕﺎﻌﺑﺎﻄﻟ HP ﺕﺎﻌﻳﺯﻮﺗ ﻊﻣ ﻡﻮﻴﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭ

:ﺔﻣﻮﻋﺪﻣ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﺕﺎﻌﺑﺎﻃ ﺎﻀًﻳﺃ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ .Debian 9.5ﻭ Linux Mint 19 ـﻟ ﺎﻤًﻋﺩ HPLIP 3.18.9